Shoulder instability is a condition where the shoulder’s structures do not support the shoulder’s ball and joints properly and as a result, a person may experience partial or full shoulder dislocation.  Athletes are at a higher risk of developing the condition as they have the most frequent diagnosis of shoulder dislocations. Treatment options, depend on the severity of the condition. The most common treatment is a few weeks of physical therapy and relocation of the shoulder. Other treatments include medications and in rare cases, surgery.

shoulder instability

Causes

The most common cause of instability in the shoulder is due trauma to the shoulder, most usually in the form of a shoulder dislocation. When the shoulder dislocates, the ligaments that hold the shoulder in place become damaged. After the shoulder is popped back into the socket, these ligaments are in a weakened state and need proper rest to repair itself. During this time, your shoulder is at a greater risk of dislocating again.

Treatment

The first steps to treating your injured shoulder usually begin with anti-inflammatory drugs and proper rest. Your doctor will recommend physical therapy, aimed teaching the patient on how they can avoid re-injuring the shoulder. Later on in treatment, exercises to strengthen the muslces in the roator cuff and shoulder blade will be prescribed to give your shoulder the support it needs. After these treatments, if you are still experiencing shoulder instability, surgery may be the next option.

Surgery

You should consider surgery if you continue to have problems after you have tried getting rest, getting physical therapy, avoiding strenuous activities or using home remedies such as hot and cold compresses or herbal remedies. If you work in high risk positions such as sports, military, construction work, or as a dancer, you are prone to severe shoulder instability and surgery is a wise choice for you. Talk with your doctor about this option to see if you are a good fit.

Prevention

To prevent instability in the shoulder girdle, it is important that you do stretching exercises so that your shoulders will be flexible when you perform intense physical activities such as sports or dancing. Advanced weight lifting routines can show large improvements in shoulder strength and help stabilizing the weaker muscles around the shoulder. It is good to eat a balanced meal daily to get the vitamins and minerals needed for good joint health and do not perform high-energy workouts for no longer than thirty minutes during the week.

Physical Therapy After A Stroke

Sometimes instability is caused by a stroke and physical therapy is often used to help stroke patients recover from the instability. The physical therapist will have the stroke patient do range of motion exercises and stretches of the shoulder muscles. In addition to this, the patient will also receive speech therapy if necessary and the patient would also receive treatment to recover his sensory skills.

Conclusion

Your shoulder has the ability to perform numerous tasks but when it becomes unstable, you realize how much you depend heavily on them. You should keep your shoulders strong by not overusing your shoulder muscles and taking vitamins that will strengthen them. Practice good posture by sitting and standing with your shoulders and back straight and if you wear book-bags, do not put too many heavy books in at once since this puts strain on the shoulders. If you sense a loosening of your shoulder joints, visit your doctor immediately. Finally, you want to avoid medications that are anti-inflammatory since these work the best for shoulder pain from the instability.